Reservation in private sector jobs is not legally justified, undermines national unity

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By: Paromita Ghosh

Last Update: 2021-03-11 01:05:29 IST

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Unemployment is a problem, but the solution is not massive reservation for local people in private sector jobs. It is reasonable to expect that industries should give priority to local people in their jobs, but the decision to legalize this expectation may give adverse results.

It is not a good sign that the Government of Jharkhand is also preparing to implement 75 percent reservation in private sector jobs. Recently, the Haryana government has also taken a similar step. 

Under this, private sector companies will have to give 75 percent of the jobs in the state with monthly salary of up to Rs 50,000. This kind of initiative is not new. Many more states have also taken similar steps. 

Somewhere the private sector has been conditioned to give 70 percent of the jobs to the local people, while 75 percent has been imposed. Ironically, such steps are being taken even after they are not considered legally justified. 

The Andhra government could not implement its similar decision because it was challenged in the High Court. Whatever the future of similar decisions of other states, it should not be ignored that our constitution does not allow any discrimination on the basis of creed, caste, sex, place of birth, etc.

Even though the decisions made by the private sector to provide jobs to the local people are tried to convey the message to the public that the government is committed to protect their interests, such steps only discourage the private sector altogether. 

Worse, they also lead to the return of Inspector Raj from the back door. As a result, those setting up new industries are also discouraged and they explore possibilities in another state. Such steps also give rise to the feeling of regionalism and inadvertently serve to undermine national unity. 

Today, when an initiative is being taken to implement ideas like one country-one ration card, one country-one standard, then it is not right that some states should work to build new walls among the people of the country. 

When the private sector needs to be encouraged, Then it is not justified that the state governments make a mechanism to investigate how many people are working in which company-factory and what is their salary, basic place of residence, etc.? 

It is true that unemployment is a problem, but the solution is not a huge reservation for local people in private sector jobs. It is reasonable to expect that industries should give priority to local people in their jobs, but it is better to keep in mind that the decision to legalize this expectation may give adverse results.

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